OLEA is a public initiative with the main goal of studying the structure of the olive (Olea europaea L.) genome and developing information on transcriptomes, genes, regulatory elements and markers, as well as on fruit metabolite profile characterizing olive oil quality. It has been launched in December 2010 and is mainly supported by the Italian Ministry of Agriculture.
Cultivated olive is a diploid oil tree crop species, mainly diffused in the Mediterranean area, with a chromosome number n = 23 and a genome size of 2.90-3.07 pg/2C (1C = 1,500-1,800 Mbp). Up to now, no information was available on the structure of its genome and on the genetic factors controlling the agronomic performance.
The development of new molecular tools and knowledge on structural and functional genomics, proteomics and metabolomics, will allow to advance in molecular breeding of olive, pull out under-exploited natural diversity still present in the Olea complex, dissect the molecular mechanisms underlying traits of agronomical relevance, establishing high-throughput platforms for rapid and cost-effective genotyping and phenotyping of the olive genetic resources.
- School of Life Sciences, University of Warwick, UK
- IFAPA – Center Alameda del Obispo, Cordoba, Spain
- Institute of Experimental Botany, Center for Biotechnological and Agricultural Research, Olomouc, Czech Republic
- Fondazione Anna Maria Catalano, Fiumicino (RM), Italy
- Euro-Mediterranean Center for Conservation and Evaluation of Olive Resources, Enna Province, Italy